Thailand Law Blog

Authority of Company Liquidators

When a company is dissolved in Thailand, it must thereafter be liquidated, wherein its debts are paid, its assets are distributed to the shareholders, and all of its other remaining affairs are settled. During the liquidation phase, company liquidators must be appointed in order to conduct the aforementioned duties. The company liquidators will have the […]

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Company and Partnership Offenses in Thailand

Thailand has strict laws regulating the operation of companies and partnerships. Unlike in some other jurisdictions, violations of company and partnership laws are criminal offenses in Thailand and may result in either imprisonment or fines depending on the severity of the offense. Therefore, it is imperative, especially for foreign entrepreneurs who are less familiar with […]

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Shareholders’ Right of Inspection

Under Thai law, the shareholders of a limited company are its legal owners and are entitled to certain rights according to the Civil and Commercial Code. Nevertheless, due to the nature of a limited company, the ownership rights of shareholders are not absolute and, for example, are not the same as those of the partners […]

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Foreign Business License: Installation, Repair, and Maintenance Services

A common business activity for foreign multinationals that set up business operations in Thailand is installation, repair, and maintenance services. This refers to the installation, repair and maintenance of machinery, tools, and equipment used in the manufacturing process. However, this business activity falls within the scope of Category (21) of List Three of the Foreign […]

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Consumer Protection in Thailand: Advertising

Advertising in Thailand is subject to the Consumer Protection Act of B.E. 2522 (1979), in addition to other laws depending on the type of product or service. The Act creates serious criminal penalties for any violations; therefore, it is important for businesses to ensure that their advertisements are compliant, in order to limit any possible […]

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Agency Law in International Commerce in Thailand

An important consideration when conducting an international commerce business in Thailand is the issue of agency relationships between a distributor and the overseas supplier or manufacturer. Where an agency agreement has been created, the general rule of law is that principals are held liable to third parties, such as purchasers, for the authorized actions of […]

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Basics of Thai Investment Promotion Law

Thailand’s investment promotion laws are a particularly important element of its overall plan for future economic growth, especially regarding its competitiveness with other nations in the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). The Investment Promotion Act of B.E. 2520 (1977), amended as recently as 2001, empowers the Board of Investment (BOI) of Thailand to grant tax and […]

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Betrothal Agreements under Thai Law

Under Thai law, a promise to marry creates a legally binding agreement if the groom transfers property called the khongman (a “reverse dowry” or “bride price”) to the bride after the betrothal has taken place. Therefore, as a legal contract, a betrothal gives rise to legal ramifications. According to Sections 1439 and 1440 of the […]

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Victims of Fraud in Thai Criminal Law

A fundamental issue that arises in Thai criminal law is whether a certain person directly affected by a crime may be considered a victim of that crime. This issue is particularly important because in Thailand, as in other countries that follow the European Continental Law tradition, victims are allowed to join the prosecution as a […]

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Challenging Condominium Resolutions under Thai Law

Do owners of condominium units in Thailand have the right to challenge unlawful resolutions passed by a general meeting of the condominium’s co-owners? The Condominium Act of B.E. 2522 (1979), amended as recently as 1999, has detailed rules regarding general meetings of the co-owners, but in fact does not have any provision addressing the cancellation […]

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