Category: Litigation

Acquiring Land with a Foreign Spouse

The primary concern behind Thai government regulations related to the acquisition of land by a Thai national married to a foreign spouse is the issue of nominee landownership. Under the Land Code of Thailand, the act of a Thai national owning land as an agent of a foreigner, which is to say, for the benefit […]

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Acquiring Land in Thailand with a Foreign Spouse

At this time, Thailand does not prohibit its citizens who are married to (or cohabiting with) foreign spouses from acquiring land. Nevertheless, the acquisition of land by Thai nationals who are married to foreign spouses is extensively covered by government regulation and it is conditioned on the legal principle that any land owned by the […]

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Liability of Limited Partner in Thailand

A defining characteristic of the Limited Partnership under the Civil and Commercial Code of Thailand is that it distinguishes between limited partners and managing partners. This is a different situation than with an ordinary partnership where all the partners have joint and unlimited liability. In a limited partnership, the managing partner or partners assume joint […]

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Setting Up Company Partnerships under Thai Law

The Civil and Commercial Code of Thailand provides for the formation of partnerships as is found in the laws of other countries. However, partnerships are normally not formed by foreign investors due to particular difficulties that arise due to the Foreign Business Act of 1999. Generally speaking, the formation of a limited company is more […]

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Criminal Law: Crime of Misappropriation

Under Thai law, if an unmarried couple breaks up, is it possible for the boyfriend to demand return of money that was given to the girlfriend during the relationship? And if so, how much of it can he get back? Under normal circumstances, the answer to that question would simply be negative. However, it would […]

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Shareholders’ Right of Inspection

Under Thai law, the shareholders of a limited company are its legal owners and are entitled to certain rights according to the Civil and Commercial Code. Nevertheless, due to the nature of a limited company, the ownership rights of shareholders are not absolute and, for example, are not the same as those of the partners […]

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Agency Law in International Commerce in Thailand

An important consideration when conducting an international commerce business in Thailand is the issue of agency relationships between a distributor and the overseas supplier or manufacturer. Where an agency agreement has been created, the general rule of law is that principals are held liable to third parties, such as purchasers, for the authorized actions of […]

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Betrothal Agreements under Thai Law

Under Thai law, a promise to marry creates a legally binding agreement if the groom transfers property called the khongman (a “reverse dowry” or “bride price”) to the bride after the betrothal has taken place. Therefore, as a legal contract, a betrothal gives rise to legal ramifications. According to Sections 1439 and 1440 of the […]

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Mergers and Acquisitions: Corporate Income Tax Implications

Under the Revenue Code of Thailand, what are the corporate income tax and other tax implications arising after a merger and acquisition? The basic principle under Thai law is that after a merger, the amalgamated company inherits the rights and liabilities of the former companies.1 This principle is particularly relevant in terms of tax liability. […]

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Mergers and Acquisitions: VAT Implications under the Revenue Code

Under the Revenue Code of Thailand, what are the specific value-added tax (VAT) implications that arise after a merger and acquisition? The general principle of law as stated in Sections 152 and 153 of the Public Limited Companies Act of B.E. 2535 (1992) is that a merger of companies causes the former companies to cease […]

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