Category: Company Law

Foreign Business Act: Manufacturing For Hire

Manufacturing is generally not restricted by the Foreign Business Act of 1999 which means that foreigners are allowed to operate such businesses in Thailand without having to apply for a Foreign Business License. However, one unclear point regarding manufacturing is whether manufacturing products according to specific customer orders is restricted to foreigners under the Foreign […]

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Direct Selling under the Foreign Business Act

Direct sales or direct marketing generally refers to the the selling or marketing of goods and services by independent sales agent to consumers directly at their home or workplace. In Thailand, the Direct Sales and Marketing Act of B.E. 2545 (2002) defines the terms as follows: “Direct sales” refers to the marketing of goods or […]

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Shareholders’ Right of Inspection

Under Thai law, the shareholders of a limited company are its legal owners and are entitled to certain rights according to the Civil and Commercial Code. Nevertheless, due to the nature of a limited company, the ownership rights of shareholders are not absolute and, for example, are not the same as those of the partners […]

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Foreign Business License: Regional Office

Foreign multinational companies with business operations in the ASEAN region or Asia may consider setting up a regional office in Thailand as a support hub for their corporate network in the region. Nevertheless, the regional office is considered a “service” business within the definition of category (21) of List Three annexed to the Foreign Business […]

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Foreign Business License: Installation, Repair, and Maintenance Services

A common business activity for foreign multinationals that set up business operations in Thailand is installation, repair, and maintenance services. This refers to the installation, repair and maintenance of machinery, tools, and equipment used in the manufacturing process. However, this business activity falls within the scope of Category (21) of List Three of the Foreign […]

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Technology Transfer Plan Guidelines for Thai BOI

Foreign investors in Thailand who will be applying for a license in order to engage in a restricted business activity according to the Foreign Business Act of 1999 must prepare a technology transfer plan. Section 5 of the Foreign Business Act requires that technology transfer constitute one factor to be considered in permitting foreigners to […]

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Thailand Foreign Business License: Rental Services

“Rental services” refers to procuring immovable property, such as land or office space, or movable property, such as machinery, equipment or motor vehicles for lease to customers. Rental services falls within Category (21) of List Three annexed to the Foreign Business Act of 1999. Therefore, any foreigners that plan to engage in rental services in […]

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Basics of Thai Investment Promotion Law

Thailand’s investment promotion laws are a particularly important element of its overall plan for future economic growth, especially regarding its competitiveness with other nations in the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). The Investment Promotion Act of B.E. 2520 (1977), amended as recently as 2001, empowers the Board of Investment (BOI) of Thailand to grant tax and […]

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Mergers and Acquisitions: Corporate Income Tax Implications

Under the Revenue Code of Thailand, what are the corporate income tax and other tax implications arising after a merger and acquisition? The basic principle under Thai law is that after a merger, the amalgamated company inherits the rights and liabilities of the former companies.1 This principle is particularly relevant in terms of tax liability. […]

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Mergers and Acquisitions: VAT Implications under the Revenue Code

Under the Revenue Code of Thailand, what are the specific value-added tax (VAT) implications that arise after a merger and acquisition? The general principle of law as stated in Sections 152 and 153 of the Public Limited Companies Act of B.E. 2535 (1992) is that a merger of companies causes the former companies to cease […]

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